Christian Salas, Ph.D., University of Chicago, 2017, is a Post-doctoral Associate and Lecturer in the Leitner Program in International and Comparative Political Economy. His research focuses on electoral accountability,  the causes and consequences of party fragmentation, and strategic communication in politics. He teaches game theory.

Christopher Li, Ph.D., Northwestern University, 2016, is a Post-doctoral Associate and lecturer in the Department of Political Science.  His research focus is formal theory, and he has a substantive interest in American politics. The topics of his recent projects include the indirect accountability of political appointees, the link between affective polarization of the electorate and elite behavior, and the extent of policy experimentation under federalism.
Giovanni Andreottola, Ph.D., European University Institute, 2017, is a Post-doctoral Research Fellow at the Cowles Foundation. His research is in applied microeconomic theory, with a particular focus on political economy and information economics.



Ryan Powers

Ryan Powers is a Post-doctoral Associate and Lecturer in the Leitner Program in International and Comparative Political Economy at the Whitney and Betty MacMillan Center for International and Area Studies. His research interests include public opinion on trade policy and other aspects of globalization, domestic politics of international relations, and international organizations. His research has been supported by the National Science Foundation, the Carnegie Corporation of New York, and the MacArthur Foundation and is published in International Organization and World Development. Powers also maintains an affiliation with the Institute for the Theory and Practice of International Relations at the College of William & Mary as a Principal Investigator on the Teaching, Research, and International Policy (TRIP) Project. He received his Ph.D. in Political Science from the University of Wisconsin–Madison in 2017.


Milan W. Svolik

Milan W. Svolik is the Henry Hart Rice Visiting Associate Professor at Whitney and Betty MacMillan Center for International and Area Studies at Yale University and Associate Professor of Political Science at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. He teaches and conducts research in comparative politics, political economy, and formal political theory. Svolik has authored and co-authored articles on the politics of authoritarian regimes and democratization in leading political science journals, including the American Political Science Review, the American Journal of Political Science, and the Journal of Politics. He is the author of The Politics of Authoritarian Rule (Cambridge University Press, 2012), which received the best book award from the Comparative Democratization Section of the American Political Association.  Svolik is currently working on a new book entitled Democratization in the Age of Elections, which explains the emergence and breakdown of democracy after the Cold War. Professor Svolik received his Ph.D. degree in political science from the University of Chicago in 2006.

Office: 330 Rosenkranz Hall, 115 Prospect

Bonnie A. Weir

Bonnie A. Weir is the Henry Hart Rice Visiting Assistant Professor at the Whitney and Betty MacMillan Center for International and Area Studies at Yale University and Assistant Professor of Political Science at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. She teaches and conducts research on civil conflict with an empirical concentration on Northern Ireland. She is currently working on a book on the political transformation of paramilitary groups as well as articles on local patterns of violence during civil conflict. Her research is grounded in extensive qualitative fieldwork paired with analysis of quantitative spatial data on political violence. Her book highlights the very personal and local nature of insurgency and counterinsurgency, revealing the composition and character of groups that we know relatively little about because of their clandestine nature. She received her Ph.d. degree in political science from the University of Chicago in 2012.

Office: 303 Rosenkranz Hall, 115 Prospect.



Eric Bond

Eric Bond is the Joe Roby Professor of Economics at Vanderbilt University and Leitner Visiting Professor for the 2013-14 academic year. His recent research has focused on the role of tariff overhang and escape clauses as flexibility mechanisms in the WTO agreement, and on the impact of compulsory licensing on entry decisions of multinational firms. He has written on a variety of topics in international trade theory, as well as on the role of private information in insurance markets and markets for durable goods. HIs work has appeared in a number of economics journals, including the American Economic Review, Journal of Political Economy, Review of Economic Studies, and Journal of International Economics. Website:

Ruben Durante

Ruben Durante is Assistant Professor in the department of Economics at Sciences Po (Paris, France) and Leitner Research Fellow for the 2013-14 academic year. He holds an M.A. in Political Economy from Sorbonne, and an M.A. and a Ph.D. in Economics from Brown University. His main field of research is political economy with particular interest in the relationship between mass media (both traditional and new) and politics; however, he has also worked on a range of other topics including the historical origins of social trust, the determinants of preferences for redistribution, the emergence of the Sicilian mafia, and anti-crime policy in Mexico. His recent publications include: “Partisan Control, Media Bias and Viewer Responses: Evidence from Berlusconi’s Italy” (with B. Knight) Journal of the European Economic Association, 2012; “Preferences for Redistribution and Perception of Fairness: an Experimental Study” (with L. Putterman and J. van der Weele) Journal of the European Economic Association, forthcoming. Website:

Bonnie Palifka

Bonnie Palifka, Ph.D., University of Texas at Austin, 2003, is an Assistant Professor at the Tecnológico de Monterrey, Monterrey Campus, in Mexico.  She has taught an undergraduate course on the Economics of Corruption at the Tecnológico de Monterrey since 2004 and in Yale Summer Session since 2011.  She has written on a variety of topics in labor economics, international trade, and economic psychology, as well as corruption.  Her current research interests include perception formation and the relationships among corruption, entrepreneurship, and growth.

Dr. Palifka, a Leitner Visiting Fellow during the 2014 calendar year, is currently working on the second edition of Susan Rose-Ackerman’s 1999 classic, Corruption and Government: Causes, Consequences, and Reform. E-mail:

Mircea Popa finished his Ph.D. at Harvard in 2013, and works on comparative and international political economy. His research interests include corruption, rent-seeking, and the politics of financial crises. Mircea’s dissertation explored the political economy of corruption and rent seeking, by analyzing the decline of these phenomena in 18th and 19th century Britain. His current research is on the causes and consequences of the ongoing global recession.


Edwin Camp

Edwin Camp, PhD, Yale University, 2012, is a Postdoctoral Associate for the George Walter Leitner Program in International and Comparative Political Economy. His research interests include democratic development, political competition, Latin American politics, and clientelism. His current research focuses on how political machines and clientelism allow politicians to win elections and dominate electorates. His research also focuses on the vulnerabilities of political machines and their decline. His research utilizes multiple methods, including formal theory, survey experiments and in-depth field studies. Website:
Download CV

Juan Rebolledo, PhD Yale University 2012, is the Leitner Program’s Post-Doctoral fellow in International and Comparative Political Economy. His research interest focus on the intersection of economic and political development. He is currently working on a book manuscript on the persistence of subnational authoritarian enclaves in developing democracies. He also has working papers currently under review on democratization, economic inequality and the rule of law.

Download CV



Marco Battaglini
Visitng Fellow 2011-12
Princeton University

Quintin Beazer, PhD, The Ohio State University, 2011, is a Postdoctoral Research Associate in Yale’s Leitner Program for International and Comparative Political Economy. His research focuses on post-Soviet politics, weak political institutions, bureaucracy, and the regulation of economic activity. Currently, he is working on a book manuscript on bureaucratic discretion and its economic effects across the regions of the Russian Federation. His has an article related to this project forthcoming in the Journal of Politics.

Avinash Dixit

Avinash Dixit is Leitner Program’s 2011 Visiting Professor Emeritus and the John J. F. Sherrerd ’52 University Professor of Economics Emeritus at Princeton University. He is also a Distinguished Adjunct Professor of Economics at Lingnan University, Hong Kong, a Senior Research Fellow at Nuffield College, Oxford, and 2011-12 Leitner Program Visiting Professor Emeritus. His research interests have included microeconomic theory, game theory, international trade, industrial organization, growth and development theories, public economics, political economy, and the new institutional economics. His book publications include Theory of International Trade (with Victor Norman), The Art of Strategy (with Barry Nalebuff), Investment Under Uncertainty (with Robert Pindyck), Games of Strategy (with Susan Skeath), Lawlessness and Economics: Alternative Modes of Governance, and The Making of Economic Policy: A Transaction Cost Politics Perspective. He has also published numerous articles in professional journals and collective volumes. He was President of the Econometric Society in 2001, and of the American Economic Association in 2008. He was elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1992, the National Academy of Sciences in 2005, and the American Philosophical Society in 2010, and was elected a Corresponding Fellow of the British Academy in 2006.

 irwin Douglas IrwinDouglas Irwin is the Robert E. Maxwell Professor of Arts and Sciences in the Department of Economics at Dartmouth College. He is author of “Trade Policy Disaster: Lessons from the 1930s,” (MIT Press, 2012); “Peddling Protectionism: Smoot-Hawley and the Great Depression,” (Princeton University Press, 2011); “Free Trade Under Fire,” (Princeton University Press, third edition 2009); “The Genesis of the GATT,” (Cambridge University Press, 2008, co-authored with Petros Mavroidis and Alan Sykes); “Against the Tide: An Intellectual History of Free Trade,” (Princeton University Press, 1996); and many articles on trade policy in books and professional journals. He is also working on a history of U.S. trade policy from colonial days to the present. He is a Research Associate of the National Bureau of Economic Research and has also served on the staff of the President’s Council of Economic Advisers and the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System.
James Hollyer

James Hollyer, PhD New York University (expected, September 2011), is the Leitner Program’s Post-Doctoral Fellow in International and Comparative Political Economy.� His research interests include corruption and patronage, transparency, and the effects of international institutions on domestic politics. His work has been published in the Quarterly Journal of Political Science, the Journal of Politics, International Studies Quarterly, and the Review of International Organizations. He will join the Department of Political Science at the University of Minnesota in 2012.

Personal website:



Andrew Eggers

Andrew Eggers, PhD Harvard University 2010, is the Leitner Program’s Post-Doctoral Fellow in International and Comparative Political Economy. His research interests include money and politics, British political history, and causal inference. His work has been published in the American Political Science Review and Journal of Macroeconomics. In 2011 he will join the Department of Government at the London School of Economics.

Personal website:


Massimiliano Onorato

Massimiliano Onorato has a Ph.D. in Economics from Bocconi University, Milan, and is a Post-Doctoral Research Associate in Yale’s Leitner Program. He was a visiting student to the Department of Economics at Yale University in 2006-07, and of M.I.T. in 2007-08. In the summer 2007 he worked at the Research Department of the I.M.F. In 2011 he will join the IMT Institute for Advanced Studies in Lucca, Italy. His research interests are: institutional change and persistence, economics of organized crime, democratic transition and consolidation, and economic growth.

Moses Shayo

Moses Shayo, Ph.D., Princeton University, 2005, is an Assistant Professor of Economics at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. His primary research interests are in political economy and behavioral economics. His work integrates economic theory and econometric analysis with insights from social psychology and political science. His main research has centered on social identity. At the micro level, he studied the effects and determinants of social identification in voting and judicial decisions. At the aggregate level he studied the interaction between redistributive policies and patterns of national and class identification. Other lines of research include non-consequentialist motives in voting behavior and non-budget-constraint effects of prices on consumer behavior.

Recent publications include “Social Identity and Preferences over Redistribution” (w/ Esteban Klor) Journal of Public Economics 2010; “A Model of Social Identity with an Application to Political Economy: Nation, Class and Redistribution” American Political Science Review 2009; and “How Large Are Non-Budget-Constraint Effects of Prices on Demand?” (w/ Ori Heffetz) American Economic Journal: Applied Economics 2009.



Kyle Bagwell

Kyle Bagwell, Ph.D., Stanford University, 1986, is the Donald L. Lucas Endowed Professor in Economics at Stanford University. He is also a Senior Fellow of the Stanford Center for International Development, a Faculty Research Associate at the National Bureau of Economic Research, a Reporter for the American Law Institute in its study of Principles of Trade Law: The World Trade Organization, and a Fellow of the Econometric Society. His research interests include the law and economics of GATT/WTO, the theory of industrial organization, and game theory. His research has been published in numerous professional journals, including The American Economic Review, Econometrica, Journal of Political Economy, The Quarterly Journal of Economics, and The Review of Economic Studies. He is the author, with Robert W. Staiger, of a book entitled The Economics of the World Trading System (The MIT Press, 2002).

Mostafa Beshkar

Mostafa Beshkar, PhD, Vanderbilt University, 2008, is an Assistant Professor of Economics at University of New Hampshire. He received his B.S. from Amir Kabir University and his MS from Sharif University in Tehran. His research interests include International Trade and Law and Economics. His current research is focused on the study of optimal design and implementation of international trade agreements and institutions. In particular he studies the Dispute Settlement Process of the World Trade Organization and the system of remedies for breach of trade agreements.


Nuno Limão

Nuno Limão, Associate Professor of Economics at the University of Maryland, received his BSc from the London School of Economics and his PhD from Columbia University. He joined the Maryland faculty in 2001. His primary research and teaching interests are in international trade, trade policy, and political economy. His research integrates theoretical and empirical work to examine a variety of issues, such as how governments choose among redistribution policies, the determinants of trade policy and trade agreements, the interaction between preferential and multilateral trade liberalization, and the effects of trade costs and geographic location.

Some recent publications include “Optimal Tariffs and Market Power: The Evidence” American Economic Review, 2008 (w/ C. Broda and D. Weinstein); “A Bargaining Theory of Inefficient Redistribution Policies,” International Economic Review, 2008 (w/ A. Drazen); “Are Preferential Trade Agreements with Non-trade Objectives a Stumbling Block for Multilateral Liberalization?” Review of Economic Studies, 2007; “Inequality and Endogenous Trade Policy Outcomes” Journal of International Economics, 2007 (w/ A. Panagariya); “Political Contribution Caps and Lobby Formation: Theory and Evidence” Journal of Public Economics, 2007 (with A. Drazen and T. Strattman)”; “Preferential Trade Agreements as Stumbling Blocks for Multilateral Trade Liberalization: Evidence for the U.S.” American Economic Review, 2006; Trade Policy, Cross-border Externalities and Lobbies: Do Linked Agreements Enforce More Cooperative Outcomes?” Journal of International Economics, 2005.

Professor Limão is also a research fellow of the National Bureau of Economic Research, the Centre for Economic Policy Research, and the Kiel Institute for the World Economy.